#Turkey is building camps for 100,000 refugees on #Syria -turkey border...the situation in Turkey
With all the versatility of foreign policy leadership of Turkey in February should still allocate its eastern vector with a special emphasis on the Syrian perspective. This is due to the fact that in virtually all negotiations under Turkish senior managers in this period, with foreign partners, both in Turkish territory and abroad, as the first item on their agenda has always figured the situation in Syria and the possible directions of its development.
The experts drew attention to a number of harsh statements of the Turkish government of Erdogan against R. official in Damascus. So, the Prime Minister at a meeting of his ruling AKP to the president of Syria in Arabic. "Assad, you go down the wrong path. At the end of this road - dead end. I turn to you in your language: Bashar, Dhaka myeon Dukka "(one who commits evil will be punished for it - auth.). Turkish Prime Minister also added: "We're not going to feel sorry for those who commit massacres against their own people. Assad has not yet responded to the massacre in Hama, but sooner or later he will pay for the actions in Homs. In Iraq, Libya and Egypt, those who have caused grief to the people, have suffered retaliation. Let no one doubt that this will be the same in Syria. We are continuing our efforts towards peace and stability in this country. We will use all diplomatic opportunities and attract world attention to what is happening in Syria. In this regard, we are preparing to undertake a new initiative, together with those countries that are not close to the leadership and the people of Syria. Our work on this new initiative to continue. "
In addition, the Prime Minister also touched upon the issue of Russia and China imposed a veto on the UN Security Council resolution on Syria. "Having the power to veto confers great responsibility. This authority should be used in accordance with the concepts of right and justice in the international community. In applying this law should not be given "green light" violence ", - stated the Turkish prime minister.
The Prime Minister supported the Foreign Minister Ahmet Davutoglu. The Turkish diplomatic offices in Munich, took part in the 48th Conference on Security. The minister, speaking at a meeting, talked about the Syrian issue. Davutoglu said that the rejection of UN Security Council resolution does not mean that the process of resolving the situation around Syria has ended. According to him, a heavy charge for the Syrian crisis falls on the shoulders of neighboring countries, among which is, and Turkey. "I frankly say that the parties concerned of the matter - is, first of all, the League of Arab States and Turkey. We can develop new initiatives and will continue to negotiate this issue with the League of Arab States, "- Foreign Minister said. Along with this, he denied the allegation that during his meetings with the head of the U.S. Department of State Clinton had agreed a military operation against the Syrian government.
Almost parallel with these activities in Turkey, the state TV channel TRT Haber made by the Syrian National Council in Istanbul, Halit Hodge. He said that the Syrian people want international assistance and the creation of a buffer zone, stressed the need to heed the request of the Syrian people to provide for themselves international protection. In this regard, the representative of the SNA in Turkey, you must create a buffer zone and security corridor, which is a priority. At the same time H. Hodge tried to convince viewers that Syria is not about ethnic and religious clashes in the soil. "There are people who wants the freedom and protecting the free army of Syria. They opposed the regime responsible for the tanks require masses of liberty "- asserted H. Hodge.
Syrian issues took place in the primary held on the initiative of the Turkish side of the telephone conversation President Dmitry Medvedev meets with Turkish Prime Minister R. Erdogan. The Russian president explained in detail Russia's position, stressed the need to continue, including in the UN Security Council, the search of agreed approaches to help resolve the crisis by the Syrians, without interference, fully respecting the sovereignty of Syria. It is these considerations "motivated by a decision of Russia and China use veto power during the recent vote in the UN Security Council draft resolution, which is not allowed to enter the unbiased assessment of the situation in Syria, to send a balanced signal to the parties to the conflict. Such a resolution is not conducive to finding a peaceful solution to the crisis ", - said Dmitry Medvedev.
At the request of R. Erdogan, the Russian president also "briefed on Russian efforts to launch a dialogue between Syrian parties and the promotion of democratic reforms in this country." Particular attention was paid to the results conducted in the context of consistent work on behalf of the President on 7 February in Damascus talks Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov and the Foreign Intelligence Service director Mikhail Fradkov with Syrian President Assad B..
President of Russia noted the role played by Turkey in the light of the regional situation and its international reputation and a long tradition of neighborhood and cooperation with Syria. According to the Russian side, this role would be required in establishing a comprehensive mezhsiriyskogo dialogue. Turkish experts paid special attention to the recorded telephone conversation in the willingness to Medvedev and R. Erdogan to coordinate the actions of the two countries to overcome the early Syrian crisis peacefully.
Political observers noted that it was after that phone call, Ankara, though, and continued active statements in support of the Syrian opposition, however, this was reduced to the level of hardness of Damascus, and Assad's regime of BA. Indicative of the fact that these statements necessarily accompanied by statements of non-power variant of the problem. Thus, the country's Foreign Minister Ahmet Davutoglu said that Turkey's willingness to host an international conference to support the people of Syria and to develop a serious reaction to the Syrian President Asad AB. "This conference can go in a different country, but we definitely want it to be held in our region. Now there are few to be just an observer, it is necessary to understand the Syrian people that we are with him. We must develop a new plan. Syria can not be left alone, it should be clear to everyone ", - said Davutoglu. However, he stressed that as an option for resolving the situation in Syria, in any case shall not be considered military intervention.
At the same time, Deputy Prime Minister Bulent Arinc met in Bursa with the entrepreneurs made some sharp remarks about Syria. He blamed the main opposition party of Turkey is that they hold a different point of view. Thus, the Republican People's Party / CHP / and Nationalist Movement Party / HDPE / believe what is happening in Syria's internal affair of that country. According to B. Arinc, "they would not talk as if you were aware of the horror that is happening in Syria."
However, despite the criticism of the Deputy Prime Minister, Deputy Chairman of the NPF Faruk Logoglu said that no reason, even humanitarian aid, can not legitimize the Turkish intervention in the affairs of neighboring states. Doubt the competence of F. Loğoğlu difficult. He's recall, the former deputy minister of foreign affairs, an experienced diplomat who took part in the preparation and conduct of a number of very important negotiations relating to the Middle East, including Syrian issues.
The opposition politician admitted that the meetings and negotiations Davutoglu in the U.S. are important, but said that Washington demands that Turkey's intervention in the internal affairs of Syria and in this context have on the Turkish government pressure. Davutoglu has strongly rejected these demands, the deputy leader of the RPP. Noting that "the policy of the ruling AKP shows the activity of Ankara, which borders with the desire to intervene in the affairs of Syria," by F. Lugoglu said that "this policy will put Turkey in a difficult position."
According to him, Turkey has criticized the actions of Russia and China to block the UN Security Council resolution, the anti-Syrian, and criticized the UN Security Council itself. "It's shortsighted, since Turkey is burning all the bridges behind him and acts as an agent of some powers in the region" - said the representative of the NPF. In conclusion, F. Logoglu said that any Turkish intervention in the affairs of Syria make the situation worse, break the regional balance of power will cause a reply intervention of friendly countries, Syria, and also lay the ground for long-term hostility of the Arab world towards Turkey.
Foreign Minister Ahmet Davutoglu also had to answer in Parliament led the parliamentary faction of the other opposition Nationalist Movement Party / HDPE / Mehmet Shandyru on the support of the opposition in Syria. Davutoglu said in his reply that Turkey has no financial or military support to the Syrian opposition, fighting against the regime of B. al-Assad.
Internal opposition among Turkish politicians in the government's actions against Syria is growing. Nevertheless, the Turkish political elite has not yet come to a consensus on the events in Syria. This fact also plays an important role in strengthening the position of Ankara in terms of the possible exceptions of the situation around Syria's way of armed intervention from outside. And here it should be noted jewelry work of Turkish diplomacy on the Syrian track, despite the costs. If you save the regime in Syria, Turkey can not be accused of open hostility, despite the support of the opposition, in the case of the fall of the regime, Ankara will talk openly about the fact that initially opposed the B. al-Assad.
Certain aspects of this fine work, and have been demonstrated during the visit of the Turkish diplomacy Davutoglu in the U.S.. The most critical in his contacts in Washington was a meeting with U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton. The foreign ministers of both countries discussed the issues of Syria, Iran and Iraq. It was agreed position between Ankara and Washington for a meeting on Syria on February 24 in Tunis. Davutoglu in this regard, said: "The international community and regional countries can no longer remain indifferent to what is happening in Syria. We decided in the first place to provide humanitarian assistance to the Syrian people. "
The head of the Turkish diplomacy, said: "We are discussing all the scenarios. However, our overall goal is to steps aimed at providing humanitarian assistance to the Syrians. We hope that there is no need in other scripts. However, if the tragedy will continue to be made the necessary steps. " However, he did not say what steps. Clinton outlined a similar approach. "We want a peaceful resolution to the crisis. We support the decision of the League of Arab States. Turkey has a broad vision for this reason, we combine our efforts. We play an active role in the Tunisian conference. Intensifying diplomatic pressure. "
Turkish Minister outlined Ankara's views on the possible establishment of a buffer zone. The U.S. State Department, according to leaked to the media fragmentary information, Ankara had hoped for good in this matter. Washington does not preclude the use of Turkish territory in the area under a warehouse for weapons, which can be transferred from individual NATO countries on the Turkish-Syrian border, with its potential operational transfer of the Syrian opposition. The Turks are very carefully to the proposals on the establishment of a buffer zone, in principle, no objection, but the differences relate to the uses of such a zone. The discrepancies relate to and injection into a zone of "foreign" weapons.
Davutoglu and Clinton also discussed the tensions between Washington and Tehran. U.S. Secretary of State, recognizing Iran's right to nuclear technology for peaceful purposes, severely stressed the need to comply with international norms. " Turkish Minister, in turn, said Turkey's willingness to contribute to the elimination of tension between Washington and Tehran, which was greeted with little enthusiasm by the American side.
Clinton praised the Turkish democracy. She, in particular, said: "Turkish democracy is an example of this. Steps taken by the Turkish government in the name of freedom of religion and conscience, are of great importance. "
On the issue of Iraq, the foreign ministers of both countries expressed concern about sectarian tensions in this country. In this connection, Davutoglu said: "Turkey has an equal relationship with all segments of Iraqi society, regardless of ethnicity and religion. If we set out views on Iraq, it does not mean interfering in the internal affairs of our goal - to support democracy. " The parties agreed to coordinate their heavy action in Iraq.
Traditionally, Hillary Clinton has once again expressed support for Turkish membership in the EU. Davutoglu, has repeatedly been listening and before the words that are difficult to back real thing, with humor, said: "If the U.S. had the right to vote in the European Union, we have become a member of this organization."
During his visit to Washington, Davutoglu compared Syrian President Asad AB with the Yugoslav leader Slobodan Milosevic. Turkish politician said he expected the B. al-Assad of domestic policy reform, as it did at the time of ex-Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev. "Turkey wishes to become Gorbachev's Assad for Syria, but he chose the path of Milosevic. This becomes a serious problem "- he said the students at George Washington University.
Davutoglu also spoke about the stages of the Turkish strategy toward Syria. At first, he said, was a dialogue, then regional initiatives, including participation in the League of Arab States. Speaking of the third stage, in which the solution to the question put to a "global international level," the minister said that "the situation has reached an impasse because of the veto power of Russia and China." When asked about the previously good relationship with B. Assad, Davutoglu said: 'Yes, we had a good relationship for nine years, because then he was not against his own people. "
It should be noted that the specific details of the Iranian dossier had been thoroughly discussed during the talks at the Pentagon with U.S. Secretary of Defense Leon Panetta. Davutoglu flatly stated that Turkey will never support a military strike on Iran. He was speaking at the Center for Strategic and International Studies in Washington, said the following: "A military strike - it's a disaster. He should not even be considered. We do not want to be a pivotal moment in history in the region, we have witnessed significant new shocks. It is not feasible, it is illogical. We will oppose this. " Turkish Foreign Minister reiterated support for Iran's right to peaceful nuclear program "Iran really is seeking the right to use peaceful nuclear technology."
Subject military strike against Syria externally examined at a meeting in Ankara, the Turkish Armed Forces Chief of Staff Army Gen. Necdet Ozel with the head of the Department of the Middle East, U.S. Department of Defense, General James Mattis. During the meeting, N. Oesel noted that Turkey does not consider the option of military intervention in Syria, but is ready to provide all necessary support to create a humanitarian corridor. In addition to the situation in Syria, N. and D. Mattis Oesel discussed issues related to the events in Iran, Iraq and Afghanistan, the fight against terror as well as Turkish-Israeli relations, placing a missile defense system in Kyuredzhike. The parties also discussed the increasing use of U.S. military base in Incirlik, located on the Mediterranean coast of Turkey near the city of Adana.
In Turkey, more and more talk about the split between the opposition groups in Syria. This was reported by representatives of the Free the Syrian army. The reason for the split was the fact that the formation of the former Syrian army, Mustafa Ahmed al-Sheikh, a new opposition party called "The Supreme Military Council of the transition of Syria" and his calls for deserters from the Syrian army to join the organization. In a statement, the Syrian army command of the Free stressed that this formation does not recognize as Ahmad al-Sheikh did not carry out any consultation with him before the creation of the new structure. The document also notes that the creation of a "transitional Supreme Military Council of Syria" in these conditions, only plays into the hands of the ruling regime in Syria.
Turkish experts note in this connection that in Libya, a clear split between the opposition emerged after the overthrow of the regime. In Syria, the emergence of such differences in exacerbation of the situation may reflect the artificial nature of most Syrian opposition, which actions may be in connection with this severely hampered. For the Government of Syria is the possibility of additional flexibility to split and weaken the opposition.
Meanwhile, the head of the Red Crescent (Kizilay) Ahmed Lutfi said that Turkey is ready to lend a helping hand to the Syrians in need of shelter due to internal unrest and clashes in the country. According to Mr. Lutfi, in the border towns are being prepared in case of arrival in these areas a large number of Syrian refugees. He recalled that at the moment created by the Turkish-Syrian border, six camps sheltering 10,000 refugees and added: "living in these camps, the refugees will soon move to new camps, but we do not want to clean up after they left the tent with the possibility of arrival an even greater number of refugees from Syria. Set up food warehouses in the district sent a large number of tents for extra support. " Drawing attention to the fact that such charities as the Red Crescent and Red Cross have international immunity, A. Lotfi, said that if the permit is issued, they are ready to provide humanitarian assistance and also in Syria.
In February, became known to the Turkish government plans to build another seven refugee camps of Syria. Funds for construction of camps in the first stage will be provided by funds of the European Union. The new camp will be built in Ayashe (a small town 70 kilometers from Ankara - the author), Izmir, Kayseri, Kilis, Erzurum, Van and Kirklareli. With the new camps, the country will be able to simultaneously accommodate about 100,000 refugees.
The Syrian issue was discussed at the meeting of the National Security Council (NSC) held on February 27, Cankaya Presidential Palace. The crisis between the judiciary and the National Intelligence Organization (MIT) for the investigation of the case of the Congress of Kurdish Communities (CSC), and the fight against the terrorist organization were the main issues of the meeting, which lasted five and a half hours. In an official statement on the results of the NSS states that "security forces, despite the harsh weather conditions, are an effective and coordinated struggle that will continue in the same resolute spirit."
It was also considered the question of putting pressure on central and regional leadership on the issue of Iraq-based PKK units in northern Iraq. Emphasis was placed on the fact that "Turkey continues to closely monitor developments in this country and further underscores the need for concrete steps towards the elimination of the terrorist organization PKK in northern Iraq."
NSC also spoke on the political process of transition to democracy in Egypt, Yemen, Libya and Syria in particular. Were evaluated as positive the meeting of the group "Friends of Syria" on February 24 in Tunis.
We mentioned above the fine work of Turkish diplomacy was confirmed in the Data Foundation Economics and Social Studies of Turkey / TESEV /, which is a sociological study conducted in Egypt, Jordan, Palestine, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Tunis, Amman, Bahrain , Qatar, United Arab Emirates, Yemen and Libya. According to the survey, 78% of participants hold positive views about Turkey. 67% seen in Turkey, a successful compatibility of Islam and democracy. 61% of respondents believe that Turkey can become a model for Middle Eastern countries, and 71% agree that Turkey should play a greater role in the Middle East.
Subject of Turkish-Israeli relations was voiced in February in connection with an attempt to test the Israelis missile defense system. Information provided by the U.S. radar system, located in the eastern province of Malatya in Turkey. Rockets "Blue Sparrow 2" was launched to test the shield of protection that monitor and control system of the U.S. radar in paragraph Kyurezhdik. The shield was tested for possible scenarios of attack Syria or Iran. According to sources the newspaper "Hurriyet", the scan results were positive. The test was conducted after Ankara gave its consent. In this decision, the Turkish media say, was greatly influenced by the conversation of Turkish Foreign Minister Ahmet Davutoglu of Hillary Clinton, as well as Turkish Minister received U.S. support for new initiatives to Syria.
However, this information almost immediately dismissed the head of Turkish diplomacy. "Opportunities for NATO and its facilities are used not only to the members of the alliance, but also in the framework of NATO cooperation. News, appearing in the Turkish press, served with reference to various Internet sites, and a few days ago, there were absolutely groundless allegations that allegedly carried out a test of the radar system, together with representatives of Israel. These statements are not unfounded. We will never allow NATO to use the facilities to any third country, I declare with all openness. Especially when it comes to Israel, our position is even more clear and firm, "- said Davutoglu.
However, I want to remind you that the radar in Kyuredzhike formally considered to be the subject of NATO. In fact, it is completely controlled by the U.S. military and the professionals who independently decide to whom and to what extent informed about the operation of the facility and with whom to share resulting from this information.
And on the Israeli issue. Israel has sent in an earthquake destroyed the city Van humanitarian assistance in the form of prefabricated houses. With the participation of one of the heads of departments to provide emergency assistance and the deputy governor of Van province held a ceremony of handing over these houses to the public. A senior Israeli said that "the holding of such ceremonies in the last year it would be a miracle." "We can not say that it was the spring, but at least the winter in our relationship has ended," - he stressed.
The bill criminalizing denial of Armenian genocide in France, adopted by the National Assembly and the Senate of France, rejected by the Constitutional Council in its consideration in terms of its compliance with the fundamental law of this country. Commenting on the decision of the COP President Abdullah Gul said: "The result demonstrates the process of a solid structure of this institution. In essence, saved the honor of the Constitutional Council of France. Thus, they showed that in France you can defend the views that differ from official government positions, and thus saved the honor of France. " Responding to questions about the problems of the Turkish-Armenian relations, the President said: "Turkey and Armenia are able to resolve its historic conflicts between them. The interference of third countries would be wrong. Their participation in this process does not help, but on the contrary, the relationship will lead to a deadlock. Turkey's proposal to establish a joint historical commission is a very bold step. " Recall that French President Nicolas Sarkozy had earlier in the meeting of the Council of Ministers said that in the event of cancellation by the Constitutional Council of France, the Senate passed the law criminalizing denial of the genocide, he would immediately introduce a new bill.
In February, the data were published on the export of Turkish arms in 2011. In particular, according to these data, it is stated that most deliveries have increased in Saudi Arabia. According to the Turkish Society of exporting defense industry, in 2011, Turkey exported arms totaling 415 million dollars, with 25% of production was Saudi Arabia. Thus, last year the country became the largest recipient of Turkish arms, spending his $ 108 million. Also, Turkey's defense industry has been actively exporting its products to UAE, USA, Bahrain, Azerbaijan, Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan, Lebanon and Italy. These 10 states accounted for almost 80% of deliveries. It is worth noting Turkmenistan, which in 2010 bought the Turkish military products in the amount of 65,000 dollars, and last year increased its deliveries to 14 million dollars. The most popular use tanks and other armored vehicles, spare parts, flame throwers, grenades, a variety of ammunition, various small arms. In particular, the supply of tanks and other armored vehicles in the past year increased by 52%.
Already for a long time, Turkey is trying to create their own competitive defense industry, both to enhance their own security and development exports. Already we are seeing strong demand for the products of the industry in the region, but on the global competition too early. It is unlikely that Turkey under the present technological development can achieve the level of world leaders in the field of arms production, even in the long run.
Interesting figures about the price at which Ankara purchases gas, became known in February. Every thousand cubic meters of Azeri gas is Turkey at $ 330, Russian - at $ 400, and an Iranian - at $ 505. In 2011, Turkey paid for gas deliveries to Iran $ 800 million, Turkey's attempts to reduce the price of Iranian gas to no avail. Turkish Energy Minister Taner Yildiz said that Iran is not going to price concessions, prompting Ankara to address the International Court of Arbitration. "Relations between Iran and Turkey can not be limited to arbitration. But it should be taken into account and that the decision of the arbitral tribunal will be the solution that will both countries, "- he said. The Minister noted that this process will not damage relations between the countries. "This is - a commercial issue - he said. - I am obliged to protect the interests of my country and people in the international arena. I must put it to the forefront, "- he stated.
In turn, the Iranian Oil Minister Rostam Kasemi said Iran will not reduce the price of the exported gas to Turkey. Note that gas prices fluctuate on world markets at around $ 400-450 per 1 thousand cubic meters.
In February, Turkey celebrated the 60th anniversary of the country's membership in NATO. On this occasion, President Gul, Prime Minister Erdogan, R., and head of the Turkish diplomacy Davutoglu sent congratulatory messages. The President in his message stressed that Turkey will continue to support the alliance. He drew attention to the fact that the majority of threats and crises, which occupy the agenda of the international community, taking place in the geographical area around Turkey. "Giving a strategic assessment of the situation, we can say that Turkey has become the central country of the North Atlantic Alliance", - stated the President
Prime Minister Erdogan, R., in his message pointed out that Turkey - a reliable ally of NATO. In particular he noted: "With each passing day increases the value of NATO for Turkey and Turkey to NATO." Davutoglu said in this regard that Turkey became a member country of the alliance, which introduces the greatest contribution to NATO's peace initiatives at the regional and global level.
From February 28 to March 1, the official visit of President of Turkmenistan to Turkey G. Berdymukhamedov. The Turkish side stressed the fact that this is the first foreign visit of the Turkmen leader after his re-election to the presidency. In the framework of meetings and negotiations have repeatedly stressed that Turkey and Turkmenistan - two states - one nation. Turkmen president was awarded the Order of the Turkish, Turkmen unveiled a monument to the poet in one of the central parks of the Turkish capital. Following the visit, signed eight bilateral documents on cooperation in legal and diplomatic spheres, as well as in security matters. In particular, the sides agreed on cooperation in combating terrorism and organized crime, cooperation, diplomatic academies and in the field of tourism.
Turkish President Gul praised the negotiations and noted the positive dynamics of bilateral relations, as evidenced by the growing year by year, trade turnover between the two countries. The head of Turkey confirmed the interest of the Turkish business community in further enhancing its presence on the Turkmen market and praised the role of the intergovernmental Turkmen-Turkish commission for economic cooperation. Among the promising areas of Turkmen-Turkish co-operation he called the sphere of culture, art and education, as well as tourism and sport.
President of Turkmenistan, in turn, expressed his gratitude for the support of Turkey Turkmen initiatives aimed at ensuring peace and security in the region. The head of Turkmenistan also noted a huge role in the implementation of bilateral cooperation of Turkish companies specialized in construction, textile and food processing industries, as well as actively participating in the project of the National Tourist Zone "Avaz". President of Turkmenistan put forward the proposal to hold a Avaza Turkmen-Turkish symposium on exchange of experience in high technology.
In the field of science and education between Turkmenistan and Turkey is also intensive cooperation in the preparation of professional personnel. In this regard, the President of Turkmenistan made a proposal on the establishment of the Bilateral Science and Innovation Committee on training based on the largest educational institutions in Turkey and International Turkmen-Turkish University.
Both leaders are counting on the rapid growth of trade turnover between the countries. "In 2011 this figure amounted to $ 4 billion, up 25 percent more than the volume of mutual trade turnover in 2010," - said at a press conference Berdymukhamedov. A Turkish President Gul highlighted the fact that about 700 Turkish companies to date have implemented projects in Turkmenistan, in the amount of 24 billion dollars, and in the past two years, Turkish companies have won a few billionths of tenders. As of January 1, 2012 in Turkmenistan with participation of Turkish companies registered in 1299 major projects worth 16 billion 100 million U.S. $ 2 billion 600 million euros, 19 billion 152 million Japanese yen, as well as in national currency - manat. "In order to develop and increase the supply to the world market of enormous energy resources of the country, we need to attract investment. This is the basis for establishing mutually beneficial cooperation with foreign businessmen, including the Turkish brothers "- said Berdymukhamedov.
However, experts noted that the outcome of negotiations, the parties hardly shared with correspondents results on energy issues. There was no tangible progress on the problem of participation in Ashgabat in such structures as the Supreme Council and the Inter-Parliamentary Assembly of Turkic-speaking states. But these are issues with Turkey is one of the utmost importance. Nevertheless, we can conclude that the visit to Turkey Turkmen leader demonstrated the continued activity of Turkish diplomacy in the Central Asian direction.
The main place in the kaleidoscope of events in the field of domestic scandal became associated with the call manager of the National Intelligence Organization / MIT / country to the prosecutor to testify. This was the first time in the history of republican Turkey.
It is noteworthy that only a month ago in Turkey, said "round date" in the history of the Turkish Intelligence - 85 years since the establishment of this service. In Ankara, the headquarters of the National Intelligence Organization held a solemn meeting. It was attended by top leaders of the country, ministers. The head of MIT Hakan Fidan told the participants about the process of fundamental restructuring of departments and projects of its restructuring in the domestic and foreign intelligence. Experts and political scientists have paid special attention to the statement of the Turkish intelligence reports that "in the next two - three years, MIT will be a global organization."
A month later in the leading Turkish media is becoming the most popular headline "Shocking allegations against MIT." What is the cause of the scandal? January 13 this year in the regional branch of the existing legal pro-Kurdish Party for Peace and Democracy (MIT) in the city of Diyarbakir in southeastern Turkey have discovered documents and audio recordings of the talks with the leadership of MIT's emissaries Kurdistan Workers' Party / PKK / in the Norwegian capital Oslo in 2011 . Of these, according to prosecutors, that the delegation of Turkish intelligence "has gone beyond its powers," agreeing with the separatists to resolve the Kurdish issue to the detriment of national interests of Turkey, and contributed to the design under his control "Communities Union of Kurdistan."
This organization is known by the Turkish authorities classified as "urban social wing" of the separatist PKK. According to Turkish media in Istanbul Prosecutor's Office during the investigation it was found that the ranks of the "Union of Kurdistan communities" involved in the series of terrorist attacks, agents have been introduced MIT. Some of them are a result of special operations to combat terrorism have been detained by the Security Service. At first glance, there is a lack of coordinated action between the two countries intelligence agencies.
In this context, the prosecutor's office in Istanbul as the suspects were caused by the head of the MIT Hakan Fidan, his predecessor Emre Taner, and former deputy intelligence Afet Gunes. For the head of the intelligence intervened Deputy Prime Minister and his cabinet spokesman Bulent Arinc. He emphasized that the conduct of investigative actions against the leadership of the intelligence services, especially as suspects, possible only with the approval of the Prime Minister. A Turkish Foreign Minister Ahmet Davutoglu said that the head of the MIT in its activity does indicate the political leadership of the country and "successfully carried out their duties." Deputy Prime Minister Bekir Bozdag also said that "did not see the point in the investigation of prosecutors'
The scandal that erupted at the imperious Olympus in Turkey, has led to several emergency meetings and conferences in various formats, which were attended by top leaders of the country's ruling Justice and Development Party, as well as Chief of General Staff of the Armed Forces. In particular, the head of intelligence Hakan Fidan met with President Gul and A. had a half-hour conversation with him. Completed a dizzying, according to Turkish press, the traffic at the highest state level meeting of the Prime Minister with the President, after which Erdogan held a two-hour late-night conversation with the head of the Turkish intelligence. No official statements after this conversation was not done.
Under the current law in Turkey MIT permission to conduct investigations and other investigative procedures with respect to its leadership can only give the prime minister, who is directly subordinate to the agency. It is based on this provision, MIT notified in writing to the investigating authorities to deny individuals due to appear before the prosecutor's office in Istanbul. Acting Prosecutor of the Republic with special powers Reaction cross Fikret said that "the refusal shall be considered and studied in terms of its compliance with the law."
At the going tough the main opposition leader has responded Republican People's Party / CHP / Kemal Kilicdaroglu. "If the head of exploration carried out an indication of the Prime Minister, then Prime Minister should be summoned to the prosecutor," - said genpredsedatel NPF. He was supported by the head of the parliamentary faction of the second opposition Nationalist Movement Party / HDPE / Oktay Vural, who also called for an investigation with respect to the head of government.
In the current difficult situation, the ruling AKP and its government headed by R. Erdogan has once again demonstrated the uncommon speed and legally competent managed to extinguish scandal erupted MIT, which have been implicated as the General Directorate of Security and its branches in several provinces of the country, above all, in Istanbul. There were immediate changes to the law of the MIT and the Criminal Code that were adopted and approved by Parliament. According to them, the Act clearly states that produce what or proceedings against the leaders of the National Intelligence Organization, as well as employees performing public tasks, the prosecution has the right only with the permission of the Prime Minister.
As you know, Prime Minister Erdogan, R. in connection with the second surgery on the intestines, held on February 10, for a long time in residence in Istanbul Kysykly. On February 27 Prime Minister went to the normal schedule of work, but in the capital. According to the Prime Minister, head of the government's health after surgery is normal.
February 17 on a number of important issues have been published survey data conducted by agency Pollmark commissioned by the ruling AKP. Surveys conducted from 15th to 25th January 2012 in 26 provinces of Turkey. During the survey polled 5100 respondents. On the question of what politics in Turkey do you most sympathize with, 41.7% of respondents named the R. Erdogan. On the question of whether the Turkish authorities arrived and arrested senior army leadership, taking place now in the case of "Ergenekon" and "Balyoz", 42% said they believe the arrest of the officers and generals fully justified. The opposite position was taken by 39.2%, 25.1% left to answer. 55% of participants believe the negative actions of Syrian President Asad AB, 8.6% think otherwise, and 36.4% undecided. According to the agency, is positive for B. Assad is 15% of supporters of the Republican People's Party 10.6%, and the Party of Peace and Democracy. 4% of respondents approved of Israeli politics. 77.8% - a negative, and 18.1% are undecided on this issue.
The published survey results are interesting, but should make allowance for the fact that the study made by the customer's ruling AKP. Indicative split of the Turkish Society for the lawsuit against the officers, as well as a significant percentage of sympathizing with the Syrian leader Assad B..
Subject of arrests of senior military re-sounded in the country in connection with the preparation of the indictment against the former Chief of General Staff Turkish Armed Forces Gen. Ilker Başbuğ army. The investigation into his case is completed. He is accused of plotting a coup, creating and managing a terrorist organization. According to investigators, the former chief of staff is one of the founders of the famous anti-government plan, "Internet memorandum."
The indictment prepared by prosecutor of the republic Kansyzom Jahan, I. Başbuğ listed as the only suspect. The indictment submitted to the 13th Court of Serious Crimes of Istanbul. According to the indictment, I. Basbug accused of trying to overthrow the government of Turkey, and in an attempt to prevent all or part of state officials to exercise their powers. In this context, the prosecutor demands life sentence for him.
In February, the 75th anniversary of the introduction of the principle of laicism in the Constitution of the Republic of Turkey. Noteworthy statements on this occasion, the top leaders of the country. Referring to Article 2, in accordance with which the Republic of Turkey - a democratic, secular and social state based on law, President Gul said that the expression "secular state" refers to freedom of religion for every citizen and to prevent separation of citizens on account of their religious beliefs. According to the President, the main thing - is to protect the rights of all citizens and society, and laicism is of great importance from the standpoint of maintaining peace in society and giving all citizens the opportunity to participate in public life as equal individuals.
Prime Minister R. Erdogan, in turn, said that Turkey is a country where, in connection with the age-old experiences civilizations, representatives of different cultures, religions, faiths and philosophies of living and the world. The Prime Minister also said that "the appropriate interpretation of the wealth of this civilization will continue to laicism, and continue to serve as a guarantee of unity and solidarity of the nation."
Published figures of tourism in Turkey. It is noted that last year saw revenue growth of Turkish tourism industry to a level of 23 billion dollars, which far exceeded those in crisis. For example, in 2002 income amounted to 11.9 billion dollars. In relation to the same 2010 growth was 10.6%. 36 million foreigners visited Turkey last year. Most foreign tourists who visited Turkey, are citizens of Germany, Russia, USA, Italy and France. Russia firmly holds the second highest number of tourists visiting Turkey, only slightly inferior to this indicator, Germany.
At the same time increasing interest in Turkey from the Arab countries. In Istanbul, recorded 30% growth in arrivals from these countries. The Turkish restaurant has more to appear Arabian foods, increasingly began to use Arabic speech to attract customers. As a result, in 2011 the number of tourists from Arab countries close to 3 million most of them - the inhabitants of the Persian Gulf, Bahrain, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the UAE.
According to sources from the circles of the tourism industry in Turkey, Arab tourists bring much more revenue than the Europeans. The average Arab tourist spends $ 2,700, which is four times the cost of Europeans. The increasing popularity of Turkey contributes to improving the visa terms for foreign tourists and relatively calm compared to the situation in many neighboring states.
And another factor that influenced the growth of the attractiveness of Turkey, experts say the Internet. In 2003, the number of users in Turkey amounted to only 23,000 today, millions of them. Internet boom that swept the country, played a role in its advertising and has boosted its popularity and reputation.
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